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Robots and AI won't cost you your job anytime soon

Sarah K. White | Nov. 1, 2016
The growth of artificial intelligence was a hot topic at this year’s MIT Technology Review's EmTech conference, but if you're concerned that robots are about you take your job, rest easy. They aren't.

But our day-to-day environments are complex. For example, your desk probably looks nothing like your coworker's desk. You might have similar objects, like a chair, computer or coffee mug, but they probably aren't in the same location or even the same shape, size or brand. That means, a robot can't be trained to just understand a desk as a predictable environment. The robot has to take in every object on the desk, whether it's a pen, laptop or coffee mug in order to just understand how to do something as simple as pick up your mug, before it can even dream of pouring you a fresh cup of joe.

Another problem for Baxter is that robots, in general, have a hard time picking things up with precision -- even robots like Baxter, and he's a robot specifically designed to pick things up. Baxter was invented to make manufacturing easier and safer for human employees and to give smaller businesses access to more affordable equipment. He eliminates a lot of monotonous work for factories so that employees can focus on more complex tasks, freeing them up to work on something more strategic. He needs to be programmed to understand an object. He can't just enter a new environment and get to work.

And as Tellex illustrates in her session, it's become a full-time job for her team to figure out how to teach Baxter to identify a new object and then pick it up. Essentially, they need to teach the robot to learn, moving it past it's "old brain" to enable it to interpret a situation through a series of photographs, a process called light field perception. With light field technology, eventually Baxter will be able to encounter an object he's never seen before, and through a series of images, figure out what it is and how to pick it up -- meaning, he's still a far cry from being able to free interns from office coffee runs.

The future of robotics is bright

While we're still in the early stages of AI, there's a lot in store for the future of robots. One of the most notable instances came from George, who demonstrated the robot Hermes. Hermes is being developed to take the place of high-risk workers, but it won't completely strip them of their jobs. Instead, this robot is being designed to carefully mimic the movements and actions of a human controller so that humans can stay safe in dangerous situations.

For example, a firefighter can gear up and control a robot step-by-step, breaking down doors to get to potential victims and get a better sense of the scene, all without the risk of smoke inhalation, collapsing ceilings or coming face to face with a roaring blaze. In these instances, robots aren't being developed to take our jobs, instead they're being developed to make our jobs easier, safer and taking away some of the grunt work for us.


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