Debate around a controversial plan to add hundreds of new domain name extensions to the Internet infrastructure has reached a fever pitch in the nation's capital, as critics engage in a last-ditch effort to scrap or delay the plan, which is scheduled to launch Jan. 12.
Both the Senate and House of Representatives have held hearings in the past two weeks on the plan by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to greatly expand the number of generic top-level domains (gTLDs) such as .hotel and .paris.
While U.S. Commerce Department officials have been supportive of ICANN's multi-stakeholder process for creating new gTLDs at these hearings, representatives of U.S. corporations and nonprofits say it will be a significant financial burden for them to protect their brand names and trademarks in so many new Internet names.
The loudest critic of ICANN's new gTLD program is the Association of National Advertisers (ANA), which is conducting a full-court press to persuade the Commerce Department to force ICANN to stop or postpone the program's January launch. ANA's primary complaint is about the cost for U.S. corporations to purchase defensive registrations for their trademarks in the new name extensions.
"This cost alone could be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars per brand name, creating a multimillion dollar liability for major corporations and a multibillion dollar cost to the industry," Daniel Jaffe, executive vice president of government affairs at the ANA, told the Senate during its recent hearing on new gTLDs. Jaffe also cited concerns about consumer confusion resulting from the new Internet names as well as the risk of increased cybersquatting.
Angela Williams, senior vice president and general counsel of the YMCA, told senators that U.S. nonprofits are worried that "the enormous cost and financial burdens of the proposed structure of the new Generic Top-Level Domain Name Program will pose severe hardship and burdens on each of us. We also share concern about the increased risk of public confusion ... resulting from unauthorized use of organizational trademarks."
Another outspoken opponent of the new gTLD program is Federal Trade Commission Chairman Jon Leibowitz, who on Dec. 16 sent a letter to ICANN stating that the new gTLD program as currently organized "could pose a significant threat to consumers and undermine consumer confidence in the Internet."
The FTC has asked ICANN for a number of changes to the program, such as reducing the number of new gTLDs that will be approved in the first round, monitoring consumer issues that arise during this round, and assessing each proposed gTLD from the perspective of consumer harm that it could cause.
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