The FBI arrested the proprietor of Silk Road, the industry-leading online black market for buying and selling drugs, in San Francisco yesterday, according to several reports.
An FBI criminal complaint [PDF] alleges that Ross William Ulbricht, whose listed aliases include "Dread Pirate Roberts" and "Silk Road," violated federal law by delivering, distributing and dispensing controlled substances "by means of the Internet." Heroin, cocaine, LSD, and methamphetamine are listed specifically, although Silk Road offered access to a much broader variety of drugs. Ulbricht is charged with operating the website, as well as soliciting "a Silk Road user to execute a murder-for-hire of another Silk Road user, who was threatening to release the identities of thousands of users of the site," according to the FBI document.
Time Newsfeed reporter Jessica Roy reports that Department of Justice documents show that the FBI also seized $3.6 million worth of Bitcoin. In the report, FBI agent Christopher Tarbell describes Silk Road as "the most sophisticated and extensive criminal marketplace on the Internet today."
Tarbell claims several thousand drug dealers had used Silk Road to move hundreds of kilograms of drugs to "well over a hundred thousand buyers," and estimates that the site generated $1.2 billion in sales and $80 million in commissions.
Information gleaned from the FBI's investigation into the servers hosting the website showed that Silk Road had more than 957,000 accounts as of July. Between February 2011, when the FBI began its investigation, and July of this year, more than 1.2 million transactions were completed.
In addition to drugs, Silk Road was also used to solicit a variety of other illegal services, including hacking social networking accounts for identity theft, hacking ATM machines, and connections to real-world services for counterfeit money, stolen credit card information, firearms and ammunition, and hit men in more than 10 countries, the report claims. The site used the Tor network to help maintain anonymity.
"The site has sought to make conducting illegal transactions on the Internet as easy and frictionless as shopping online at mainstream ecommerce websites," the report says.
Although he managed a small staff of administrators, Ulbricht is believed to have "controlled and overseen all aspects of Silk Road," including the computer infrastructure, the website's code, and all of the site's profits.
Ulbricht graduated from the University of Texas with a bachelor's degree in Physics in 2006, and attended grad school at the University of Pennsylvania from 2006 to 2010. After earning his graduate degree, Ulbricht claimed on LinkedIn to have "shifted" his goals, and explained that he was more interested in "creating an economic simulation" that would "give people a first-hand experience of what it would be like to live in a world without the systemic use of force" by "institutions and governments," the report claims.
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